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WGCDR Donald Andrews DFC
No. 453 Squadron RAAF Pilot
WGCDR Donald G. Andrews DFC, called Don in the Aviator Mouse book, was the first person to befriend William Brambleberry while they were based in Perranporth, Cornwall UK. Don dreamed of flying his whole life saying at one time, “I was always keen on flying even as a kid, and used to sit in a tree and pretend I was a pilot.”
Donald George Andrews came from Southport in Queensland, Australia. He enlisted on 8 November 1940 at the RAAF Bradfield Park Initial Flight Training School in Sydney under the Empire Air Training Scheme. He was then sent to RAAF Narrandera No. 8 Elementary Flying Training School in December 1940 to train on Tiger Moths. In June 1941, Don was sent to the Service Flying Training School at Camp Borden in Ontario, Canada flying Harvards and Yales. He was granted his wings and commissioned then shipped to Llandow, Wales in the UK in November 1941. Due to a shortage of instructors, Don served as an instructor for one term and was then given his choice of Squadron. Don chose to fly Hurricanes first for 615 and then 245 Squadrons.
Don, now a Flight Lieutenant, joined No.453 Squadron in December 1942 as the Flight Commander, replacing ‘Bobby’ Yarra who was shot down and killed in action. Don was the first 453 Squadron pilot to earn a Distinguished Flying Cross (DFC).
On 15 August 1943, 453 Squadron was escorting American Marauders over Belgium when they were bounced by a dozen German fighters. Don was separated from the rest of the Squadron and was then jumped by six German fighters. Though his Spitfire was peppered with bullets, he managed to make one kill, shooting down a Focke Wolfe 190 and landing safely at RAF Manton. Unfortunately, one 453 Squadron pilot was shot down and killed during the skirmish, Pilot Officer F. T. Thorny.
453 Squadron moved to Perranporth, Cornwall UK on 20 August 1943, which proved to be an eventful posting (it was here that they met the bravest and most adventurous mouse, William Brambleberry). Don was awarded his DFC on September 24 and was promoted to Squadron Leader, becoming Squadron Commander on October 8 when Squadron Leader Kevin Barclay posted back to Australia.
During that time, they had one of their largest-ever victories.
Operating from Perranporth in Cornwall, Don, as 453 Squadron Leader, was leading seven Spitfires on an offensive sweep near Brest, France when the Squadron achieved it greatest single victory. They had almost reached their turning point at 0830 hrs, when eight Me110s were seen in formation low on the water. As the Spits dived to intercept, the enemy scattered but were easily brought to combat and five were shot down, two by F/O Pat McDade, two by P/O Rusty Leith and one by Russ Ewins. Soon afterwards engine trouble forced Russ Ewins to bale out over the sea. About an hour later, two Spitfires flew around about five miles to the South and one was piloted by Don and the other one by Ross Curry. They pin-pointed where Russ was splashing around and luckily for him he was soon rescued. Australian Spitfire Association
Unfortunately, 453 Squadron lost another pilot in this skirmish, Flying Officer H.M. Parker.
On October 15 the Squadron moved to Skeabrae in the Orkneys Islands to rest. They were there for three months and didn’t do much flying due to winds averaging 60 mph. However, on December 2, Flight Lieutenant E.A.R. Esau and Flying Officer L. McAuliffe shared the kill of a Junkers Ju88.
In October 1943, 453 Squadron moved to Detling, Kent and was incorporated into 2nd TAF in preparation for the D-Day Normandy Landings, where 453 and 451 Squadrons would provide air cover to the beaches during Operation Neptune, part of Operation Overlord. While waiting for D-Day orders, the Squadron provided protection to American bombers.
The Spitfires were occasionally fitted with high explosive bomb loads, either one 500 lb or two 250 lb bombs. Don ruefully said,
“If your bombs did not release over the target you had to bring them back home. Then you had to land with them and much faster than you would wish and make sure it was as smooth a landing as possible.”
Don had been flying for two and a half years on operations when he handed over command of 453 Squadron to D.H. Smith on 2 May 1944 and posted out for a well-earned break instructing at Central Gunnery School.
D.H. Smith led the Squadron through the D-Day Normandy Landings and high-paced operations until September 1944, when Squadron Leader E.A. Esau took over command of the Squadron.
Don was promoted and returned to operations in February 1945, where he led the Australian Wing (453 and 451 Squadrons) as the Wing Commander based at RAF Station Matlaske, Sussex. The Australian Spitfire Wing was tasked with counter-measures against the V2 long-range rocket bomb. It operated from bases in Britain and on the Continent, flew 1,328 sorties over Holland, bombed and strafed launching sites, workshops, and transport, and cut railway lines leading to the firing sites.
At the end of the war, Don returned to Southport, Queensland, Australia, where he went back to work for the Commonwealth Bank of Australia, eventually retiring in October 1983.
According to the Australian Spitfire Association’s website, when questioned, Don said that he preferred flying Spitfires as he considered them vice-free whereas by the later years of the war, the Hurricanes had been superseded. He also flew Mustangs which he thought were ‘marvellous,’ but heavier to manoeuvre and more solid than a Spitfire. He even tried out a Thunderbolt (nicknamed the Jug) and found them also very comfortable. Other aircraft flown were Vultee Vengeances and Tempests.
Detailed information about Don Andrews’ service in addition to his service with 453 Squadron can be found on the Australian Spitfire Association’s website.
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