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Spitfires: History and Engineering
William Brambleberry loved watching planes take off and land at RAF Perranporth air base on the top of Cligga Cliffs in Cornwall, England. Of all the planes, William liked the Spitfires the best. After befriending the Australian fighter pilots of No.453 Squadron, he dedicated himself to learning everything he could about Spitfires. Here is some of what he learned:
The Supermarine Spitfire was a British-designed and built, single-seater fighter aircraft, used by Britain and its allies during WWII.
R.J Mitchell, chief designer of Supermarine Aviation Works (a subsidiary of Vickers-Armstrong), designed the Spitfires as short-range, high-performance interceptors.
The elliptical wings were a distinguishing feature of the Spitfires: their aerodynamic shape and thinness reduced drag while maintaining strength to allow for a retractable undercarriage, armaments and ammunition.
The planes initially flew with powerful and distinctive sounding Rolls-Royce Merlin engines, upgrading to the Roll-Royce Griffon engines in later Marks (versions).
Due to their design and powerful engines, Spitfires were able to reach higher top speeds than other British fighter planes such as the Hawker Hurricanes and were well-matched with the German Messerschmidt Bf109 fighters.
Although the Hawker Hurricanes greatly outnumbered Spitfires during the Battle of Britain, Spitfires superseded the Hurricanes in fame and reputation due to their higher performance and lower attrition rates.
The general tactic used by Air Command during the Battle of Britain was to direct Hurricane squadrons to attack German bombers while the Spitfires countered the bombers’ escort fighters.
Throughout the war, Spitfires were used as interceptors, fighter-bombers, trainers and for photo-reconnaissance.
453 SQN flew Supermarine Spitfire Marks V, IX and XIV, providing defensive air patrols over Britain and surrounding waters, escort of Allied bombers over Europe, offensive strikes on land and sea, including over-watch for ground troops during the D-Day Normandy landings and throughout Operation Overlord, as well as bombing of German V1 and V2 rockets in the later stages of the War.
Former RAF Perranporth, Cornwall
Spitfire - Side On Flight View
453 SQN Spitfire - Normandy Beach Head, France
453 SQN Spitfire Mark IX
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